Orthopaedic rehabilitation can be done through following treatment:
- Cryotherapy (cold therapy): In acute injuries cold therapy is effective in minimising pain and swelling. Ice message and ice pack application are the examples of cryotherapy.
- Heat therapy: With the help of heat therapy tight tissues can be soften and it relieves pain. When you apply heat it can improve your blood flow, decrease pain and increase mobility after any injury.
- Tens: Tens stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation which is an electrical device that delivers relatively low voltage electrical current to the body with the help of small electrodes. These devices can be used by physiotherapist to reduce swelling, stimulate blood flow and provide pain relief.
- Ultrasound: Orthapedic rehabilitation is also done through ultrasound in which deep heat to the body is provided through sound waves.
- Acupuncture: Insertion of fine needles into the specific point of the body to reduce pain, inflammation and aid in healing. These needles should be extremely fine and much finer than the needles used in delivering an injection.
- Strengthening exercises: Exercise can include stretching to reduce stress on joints and with the help of exercise you are able to strengthen the muscles of your back, abdominal and hips. You can do exercise addition to the regular daily activities that will perfectly improve your flexibility, strength and endurance.
- Aquatic therapy: Aquatic therapy is used to help patients; in which stretching, walking or other simple exercise in warm water therapy pool offers many important benefits to the patients who are getting back on their feet. Ideal temperature of the therapeutic pool should be at 92 degree F for relieving pain and keeping patients comfortable. This therapy improves the circulation, decrease pain and muscle spasms, increase the range of motion and flexibility which are the benefits of the aquatic therapy in a warm water pool.